Download E-books Basic Chinese: A Grammar and Workbook (Grammar Workbooks) PDF

By Po-Ching Yip

‘Very good based and obviously defined’ –  Dr Kan Qian, The Open college, UK

Basic Chinese introduces the necessities of chinese language syntax. every one of the 25 devices bargains with a specific grammatical aspect and gives linked workouts. positive aspects include:

  • a transparent, obtainable format
  • many important language examples
  • jargon-free reasons of grammar
  • ample drills and exercises
  • a complete key to exercises.

All chinese language entries are awarded in either Pinyin romanization and chinese language characters, and are observed, generally, through English translations to facilitate self-tuition in addition to school room instructing in either spoken and written Chinese.

Basic Chinese is designed for college students new to the language. including its sister quantity, Intermediate Chinese, it kinds a compendium of the necessities of chinese language syntax.

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Frequently come prior to bù or ‘once again’, méi(yiu): tamen ddu méi lái wi yg bù xhhuan weya ta yòu bù lái shàngkè le wi dìdi hái méi shàngxué yòu ( ) None of them got here. I don’t like crows both. He didn't occur for his category back. My more youthful brother hasn’t all started college but. 177 17 Negators: bù and ( ) méi(yoˇu) observe 1: the one exception is ddu which could additionally come after the negator while it has a unique that means. evaluate the next sentences: tamen ddu méi qù None of them went. tamen méi ddu qù no longer them all went. /They didn’t all cross. be aware 2: keep in mind that whilst utilized in a prior context, ( ) méi(yiu) implies what's ‘factual’ while bù shows what's ‘deliberate or intentional’. G bù, in line with its use in intentional contexts, and never ( ) méi(yiu), is used with modal verbs or verbs that categorical perspective. (i) it really is mostly positioned prior to the modal/attitudinal verb: tamen bù yuànyi bangzhù wi They are/were no longer keen to assist me. nèi gè xifotdu bù gfn shud shíhuà That thief doesn’t/didn’t dare to inform the reality. wi bù xhhuan chc ròu I don’t like meat. (lit. I don’t like consuming meat. ) (ii) despite the fact that, it can additionally happen among the modal verb and the most verb whilst the which means calls for or permits it: wi xifng bù hb jij | hb qìshuh i might relatively have a fizzy drink than alcohol. (lit. i want to not drink alcohol (but) to drink a fizzy drink. ) evaluate: nh bù kgyh ziu You can’t depart (now). nh kgyh bù ziu you could remain. (lit. you cannot depart. ) 178 be aware: With the modal verb gai different positioning of the negator doesn't make a lot distinction in which means yet with huì, the choice adjustments the that means vastly: nh bù gai gàosu ta You shouldn’t have informed him. nh gai bù gàosu ta You shouldn’t have instructed him. (lit. you'll have no longer advised him. ) ta bù huì shud zhdngwén ma Can’t he communicate chinese language? 17 Negators: bù and ( ) méi(yoˇu) ta huì bù shud zhdngwén ma Is it attainable that he won’t converse chinese language? With dgi, the second one replacement easily doesn't exist: * nh dgi bù ziu you mustn't cross. H Adjectival predicatives may well simply be negated through nèi tiáo qúnzi bù piàoliang zhèi jian wezi bù ganjìng wi de bàngdngshì bù dà zhèr de kdngqì bù xcnxian nàr de rén bù dud word: in simple terms adjectival idioms starting with negated by way of méi: bù: That skirt isn’t lovely. This room isn’t fresh. My office isn’t sizeable. The air right here isn’t clean. There aren’t many folks there. yiu should be ( ) zhèi bgn xifoshud méi(yiu) yìsi This novel isn’t fascinating. ( ) wi jcn wfn méi(yiu) kòng i'm busy this night. (lit. I this night am now not unfastened. ) I ( ) méi(yiu), in spite of the fact that, is mostly used to negate adjectives which are used as country verbs (as against motion verbs), with the sentence particle le (see Intermediate chinese language, Unit 8). evaluate the subsequent pairs of sentences: ( ) ta de bìng hfo le He’s good back. ta de bìng hái He isn’t good but. méi(yiu) hfo 179 17 Negators: bù and ( ) méi(yoˇu) ( ) tian qíng le tian hái méi(yiu) qíng The sky has cleared up. it's nonetheless raining. (lit. The sky hasn’t cleared up but.

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