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By Qian Sima

Sima Qian (145?-90? BCE) used to be the 1st significant chinese language historian. His Shiji, or documents of the Grand Historian, records the heritage of China and its neighboring international locations from the traditional prior to his personal time. those 3 volumes disguise the Qin and Han dynasties.

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Shi ji eighty five, 86 (Jing Ke), 88] Édouard Chavannes. Les Mémoires Historiques de Se-Ma Ts’ien, Vol. I-V (Paris: Ernest Laroux, 1895-1905; rpt. Paris: Adrien Maisonneuve, 1969). [Shi ji five, 6, 15] J. I. Crump, Jr. Chan-kuo ts’e (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970). J. J. L. Duyvendak. The e-book of Lord Shang (London: A. Probsthain, 1928). [Shi ji sixty eight] 20 Denis Twitchett & Michael Loewe. The Cambridge heritage of China, vol. 1 (Cambridge college Press, 1986). Burton Watson. files of the Historian: Chapters from the Shih chi of Ssu-ma Ch’ien (New York: Columbia college Press, 1969). [Shi ji eighty five, 86] Gladys & Hsien-yi Yang. files of the Historian (Hong Kong: advertisement Press, 1974). [Shi ji 6, sixty eight, seventy nine, eighty five, 126] 21 SHI JI five: the elemental ANNALS OF QIN Boyi, the ancestor of Qin, assisted Emperor Yu. Duke Mu, aware of righteousness, mourned should you fought at Yao; but if they used males to accompany him in loss of life, the poem at the “Yellow Birds” used to be sung. King Xiaoxiang opened the way in which for an emperor. therefore I made “The simple Annals of Qin”. four The forbears of the Qin have been descendants of Emperor Zhuan Xu. five Zhuan Xu’s granddaughter was once named Nüxiu. whilst Nüxiu was once weaving, a swallow occurred to drop an egg. Nüxiu swallowed the egg and gave start to a son, Daye. Daye took as his spouse a daughter of Shao Dian named Nühua, and Nühua gave delivery to Dafei. 6 Dafei joined the sage ruler Yu in pacifying the waters and the land, and whilst the paintings have been accomplished, Emperor Shun offered Yu with a black jade baton. while Yu accredited it, he acknowledged, “I couldn't have performed this if Dafei had no longer acted as my helper. ” Emperor Shun acknowledged, “Ah, Fei! You assisted Yu in his activity. You will likely be given a black banner. Your descendants will hereafter prosper drastically. ” He additionally gave him as a spouse a stunning daughter of the Yao extended family. Dafei, bowing and accepting those presents, aided Shun in subduing and coaching the birds and beasts, and plenty of of the birds and beasts grew to become submissive. This was once the guy often called Boyi. Shun bestowed on him the surname Ying. 7 Dafei had sons. One used to be referred to as Dalian and used to be the founding father of the Bird-custom family members. the opposite used to be known as Ruomu and used to be the founding father of the Fei relatives. 22 His great-great-grandson was once Fei Chang. a few of Fei Chang’s descendants lived in China and a few lived one of the Yi and Di tribes. for the time of Jie, the final ruler of the Xia dynasty, Fei Chang abandoned the Xia dynasty and went over to the aspect of the Shang. King Tang, founding father of the Shang, made him his carriage driving force whilst he defeated Jie at Mingtiao. Dalian’s great-great-grandsons have been Mengxi and Zhongyan. Zhongyan had the physique of a poultry yet spoke like a person. Emperor Taiwu, listening to of him, divined to work out if he may still hire him as his carriage driving force. The reaction being beneficial, he hired him as such, and likewise gave him a spouse. From the time of Emperor Taiwu on, the heirs of Zhongyan gained benefit iteration after new release through helping the country of Shang. consequently many contributors of the Ying kin received prominence and in time grew to become feudal lords.

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