By Michal Biran
The empire of the Qara Khitai, which used to be one of many least recognized and so much interesting dynasties within the historical past of critical Asia, existed for almost a century ahead of it was once conquered via the Mongols in 1218. Arriving in valuable Asia from China, the Qara Khitai governed over a often Muslim inhabitants. Their background provides a special window onto the wide cross-cultural contacts among China, internal Asian nomads and the Muslim global within the interval previous the increase of Chinggis Khan. utilizing an in depth corpus of Muslim and chinese language resources, Michal Biran comprehensively examines the political, institutional and cultural histories of the Qara Khitai. Her e-book explores a number subject matters together with the association of the military, the placement of girls, similar to China in Muslim important Asia,the religions of the Qara Khitai and the legacy they left for the Mongols. Crucially she asks why they didn't, not like their predecessors and successors in principal Asia, embody Islam. The ebook represents a groundbreaking contribution to the sector of Eurasian historical past for college students of the Islamic global, China and imperative Asia.
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Extra resources for The Empire of the Qara Khitai in Eurasian History: Between China and the Islamic World (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization)
336-9. 112 Narshakhf, Ta'rlkh. 23. "~if! '''''~' 7~ .. ------~---. ~"---- ... ~- the autumn Political background Allhollgh the Qara Khitai enable Muhammad carry Bukhara and did lIot intervene his conqllcsls Khurasan, they weren't able to enable him to prevent paying tribute for considering the fact that assault on \1uhammad had withhelcl tribute, manifesting this killing Ihe Qam Khilan tribute emissary. years after that, round 60611 209-10, the GUrkhan's leader vizier. Mahl11lid Tai, got here to assert the cash. The Khwarazm Shah" who used to be making plans a crusade opposed to the Qipchaqs, didn't want to his relatives with the Giirkhan at this aspect. He as a result left the dealing with of the affair to his mom, absenting himself from his capital. Terken Khiltull acquired the Giirkhan's emissarie, with nice appreciate and paid the total annual tribute. She additionally despatched a few Khwarazmian notables with MailmOd Tai 10 apolozi:re forth" hold up and 10 asmre Ihe Giirkha" that Khwilr;lzJr] W;" slill his dependable vassal. Unimpressed via those gestnres, Mahmud Tai mentioned that Muhammad's ambitiolls had no limits and that for this reason he was once not likely to pay tribute back. llJ problems within the east yet Muhammad was once now not the single OIle who had attempted to wreck out of the Qam Khitai's grip. round I 204 Ihe Giirkhan's t! "Oops had queUed a uprising in Kholan and KashgJr ll " The GUrkhan seized the son ofthe khan of Kashgar, taking him as a hostage to Balasaghun. He additionally lIsed this connict to eliminate one other capability insurgent, the Qal'luq Arslan Khan from Q;lyaliq. Ca! led Oil to render army aid the Glirkhan againstlhe rebels, Arslan Khan used to be later manipulated inlo committing suicide, to ensure that his son to be allowed to be successful hello m. II, but the Glirkhan's ,Ibility to pacify his japanese vassals declined significantly within the later half the 1st decade of the 13th century. This used to be not just clue to Muhammad's Ihreat fro III the west, but in addition a result of upward push of a brand new strength in Mongolia. In 1206 TemUjin assumed the name Chinggis Khan, having uniled many of the Mongol tribes after centuries of dissension. Chinggis Khan continllcd to claim his authority thereafter one of the trihes of western Mongolia" the Qyrghyz, the Merkid and the Naiman. Many reCugccs Crom the battles in Mongolia came across their technique to Ihe Qam Khitai realm, contributing to the sickness within the state ,111<1 spreading rumors in regards to the new strength. I sixteen because of Chinggis Khan's victory in I 20S ovcr the Merkid and the Naiman . in spring 1209 the Uighurs made up our minds now not to cOlliply wilh the over the top calls for and tbe disdainful perspective in their shaojiarl. The Qara Khitai commissioner used to be pursued by means of the Uighur population at Qam Khojo. He used to be compelled to discover shelter in a excessive construction, the place he was once positioned to loss of life. ll ] The Uighur ruier" the feli-qut Barchuq paintings Tcgin" despatched messengers to document the incidenl to t. he Western Liao, might be ullcertain approximately his destiny manner, yes functionaries at his court docket had already hcgun to dei>ert to the Mongols. 1 while Chinggis Khan's messengers arrived althe UigilurclJLlrt suon afterwards, notwithstanding, the Idi-qut confirmed them nice admire.