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The Piano: An Encyclopedia used to be chosen in its first version as a decision remarkable ebook and is still a desirable and exceptional reference paintings. The tool has been on the middle of tune background with even composers of enormous symphonic paintings announcing that they don't write something with out sketching it out first on a piano; its barriers and expressive potential have performed a lot to form the contours of the western musical idiom. in the scope of this ordinary consultant is every little thing from the acoustics and building of the piano to the historical past of the corporations that experience equipped them.

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Tutzing: Schneider, 1970. Prilisauer, Richard, ed. Klavierland Wien. Katalog zur Ausstellung des Bezirksmuseums Mariahilf. Wien: Jänner, 1981. Streicher, Andreas. Kurze Bemerkungen über das Spielen, Stimmen und Erhalten der Fortepiano, welche von Nannette Streicher geborene Stein in Wien, verfertiget werden. Wien: Albertinische Schriften, 1802. automated PIANO SEE participant PIANO B BABCOCK, ALPHEUS (1785–1842) Alpheus Babcock, an important American piano maker and inventor, is healthier identified for his invention of the one-piece steel body, patented 17 December 1825, in Boston. Having discovered his craft from BENJAMIN CREHORE in Milton, Massachusetts, Babcock organize store together with his brother Lewis (1779–1814) in Boston in 1810, and after Lewis’s demise he carried on, either in partnership and on his personal. through the 1820s he was once financed by means of the Mackay kinfolk in Boston, one in every of whose individuals used to be John Mackay (1774–1841), later JONAS CHICKERING’S accomplice, and NAMEBOARD inscriptions concerning G. (George) D. Mackay (d. 1824) and R. (Ruth) Mackay (1742–1833) are universal between surviving Babcock tools. Babcock married Margaret Perkins (1789–1842) in 1822, and so they had one son, John (1828–1847). In 1829 he moved to Philadelphia, the place he labored within the store of John G. Klemm and later for William quick. In 1837 he lower back to Boston and used to be hired by means of Jonas Chickering until eventually his loss of life, three April 1842. purely 3 sq. PIANOS produced via Babcock that comprise examples of his 1825 PATENT for a steel body were stumbled on, of that have been made in Boston and the 3rd produced in Swift’s store in Philadelphia. one of many Boston-made tools is within the Museum of good Arts, Boston, whereas the opposite is in a personal assortment in Rhode Island. The sq. made in Swift’s store is within the Smithsonian establishment. The 1825 patent named numerous attainable metals for the body, even though cast iron got here to be the steel of selection. Babcock took out 3 different patents. One (24 may well 1830) was once for a stringing mechanism that Babcock known as “cross-stringing. ” Many authors, no longer having tested the patent, have credited Babcock with the discovery of what's now known as cross-stringing, however the patent referred to as for looping the STRING round the HITCHPIN and had not anything to do with crossing planes of strings. A patent of 31 December 1833 used to be an motion layout with rolled FELT for HAMMER heads, a little bit like BARTOLOMEO CRISTOFORI’S roll of parchment because the hammer head. Babcock’s final patent (no. 1389) of 31 October 1839 defined a brand new layout of the fly (JACK) that eradicated an motion noise. How renowned any of those patents have been is doubtful. Chickering it sounds as if used the final layout, however the in simple terms recognized example of the motion patent is in a Babcock piano, and no examples of the stringing patent live on. different makers definitely knew of Babcock’s steel body, and a few have been keen to mimic it. however the incontrovertible fact that Conrad Meyer (d. 1881) may well later achieve credence for his declare to have invented and patented the iron body in 1832 shows that Babcock’s luck was once now not popular.

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