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?? [[ top referred to as the writer of resourceful brief fiction, similar to the autumn of the home of Usher and The Cask of Amontillado, and because the writer of hauntingly sonorous poems comparable to The Raven, Edgar Allan Poe was once a number one practitioner of the yank Gothic and helped popularize the fast tale as a style. This reference paintings assembles in dictionary layout a whole and present physique of data on Poe's lifestyles and paintings. greater than 1900 entries disguise all levels of Poe's artwork and literary feedback, his relations relationships, his a number of travels and flats, and the abundance of serious responses to his works. each one access presents bibliographical info, and the amount concludes with an in depth directory of works for extra attention. ]] ??

Best recognized for his mysterious and resourceful brief fiction, reminiscent of the autumn of the home of Usher and The Cask of Amontillado, in addition to hauntingly sonorous poems equivalent to The Raven, Edgar Allan Poe has secured an enduring position within the American literary canon. He was once one of many first American authors to receive severe realization in Europe, and his works popularized the Gothic, the quick tale, and detective fiction in the USA. Poe's works are usually studied in colleges and faculties, yet he additionally keeps his charm as one among America's such a lot tough well known authors. His works replicate his significant and occasionally arcane erudition, his probing insights into the workings of the brain, his theories of literature and aesthetics, and his curiosity in technology and the supernatural.

Through greater than 1900 alphabetically prepared entries, this reference booklet offers entire and present insurance of Poe's lifestyles and paintings. a few entries deal with Poe's recognized interpreting and his responses to literary contemporaries and foreign literary figures. Others touch upon the effect of assorted writers and literary traditions on Poe's mind's eye. nonetheless others handle Poe's perspectives on matters starting from Shakespeare to mesmerism to phrenology. each one access is supplemented by way of a bibliographical observe which provides the foundation for the access and indicates assets for extra research. every one access for Poe's fiction and poetry encompasses a severe synopsis, and an intensive bibliography on the finish of the amount lists crucial serious and biographical reports of Poe.

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The delicate head bows, the candy eyes close;/ The trustworthy center yields to repose. ’’ See: Shew, Marie Louise [Houghton]. textual content: MCW, I, 401–404. examine: allow, II, 374. Benjamin, Park. (1809–1864). Editor of the hot York weekly the hot international from October 1839 to March 1844. an editorial occasionally attributed to Poe, ‘‘Our journal Literature,’’ was once released within the eleven March 1843 factor. the recent international reprinted Poe’s essay ‘‘Autography’’ and defended Poe’s artwork within the factor of four June 1842 the place Benjamin reviews that Poe ‘‘is the best writers now residing. . . . [I]n no matter what sphere he strikes, he'll definitely be amazing. ’’ In ‘‘A bankruptcy on Autography’’ in Graham’s journal for November 1841, Poe wrote, ‘‘He is a hot pal, and a sour, yet no longer implacable enemy. His judgment in literary issues shouldn't be wondered, yet there's a few trouble in getting at his genuine opinion. ’’ See: ‘‘Our journal Literature. ’’ textual content: CWP, XV, 183–184. learn: enable, I, 126, 193; PLB, 33, eighty four, ninety four, ninety five; TPL, xvii. Bentham, Jeremy. (1748–1832). English thinker and exponent of utilitarian socialism. he's pointed out in a satiric context in Poe’s mock treatise ‘‘Diddling regarded as one of many precise Sciences’’ as one of many Jeremys who ‘‘wrote a Jeremiad approximately usury, and was once referred to as Jeremy Bentham. ’’ Poe reacts to Bentham’s philosophy of fabric goodness for the best quantity within the first access of Marginalia via insisting upon the worth of idle excitement in his marginal musings and lifeless literature. ‘‘In getting my books, i've been continuously solicitous of an plentiful margin; . . . it can be not just a truly hackneyed, yet a truly idle practice;—yet I persist in it nonetheless; and it offers me excitement; that's revenue, in regardless of of Mr. Bentham, with Mr. Mill on his again. ’’ textual content: CWP, V, 204; VIII, eighty five; XI, 148; XIV, 104; XVI, 1, 27, 38, 193. Be´ranger, Pierre-Jean de. (1780–1857). French poet and track author. As a chansonnier, Be´ ranger used to be esteemed via Poe who frequently in comparison his lyrics with the lyrics of poets he used to be reviewing. In Marginalia, in his dialogue of ‘‘indefinitiveness that is, a minimum of, one of many necessities of precise music,’’ he cites the songs of Be´ ranger as types. ‘‘Coming right down to our personal instances, it's the important precept of de Be´ ranger. ’’ textual content: CWP, VIII, 139; X, 43–44, 198; XI, 107, 151– ‘‘BERENICE’’ 39 152; XVI, 138–139, a hundred sixty five; learn: Pollin, Burton. ‘‘Be´ ranger within the Works of Poe. ’’ DIP, 54–74. Berard, Claudius. Professor of recent languages at West aspect. via Berard’s sessions, Poe back got here into touch with Le Sage’s picaresque novel Gil Blas. examine: PLL, forty five. ‘‘Berenice. ’’ brief tale by means of Poe released within the Southern Literary Messenger for March 1835. the story has connections with different love tales, ‘‘Morella’’ and ‘‘Ligeia,’’ those 3 tales forming Poe’s marriage staff. Markedly found in ‘‘Berenice’’ is a subject matter to which Poe may go back in ‘‘Ligeia,’’ the narrator’s obsession with a uniquely appealing girl whose good looks is more suitable simply because she is death.

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