By Jessica Priestley
In a chain of literary experiences, Priestley explores many of the earliest old responses to Herodotus' Histories during the extant written list of the early and heart Hellenistic interval. Responses to the Histories have been wealthy and sundry, and the diversity of Hellenistic writers responding in several how you can Herodotus' paintings is partially a mirrored image of the Histories'own huge scope. The Histories remained suitable during this later age and persevered to talk meaningfully to a wide variety of readers lengthy after Herodotus' death.
Herodotus and Hellenistic tradition explores various discourses the place Herodotus occupies a big position within the highbrow historical past, and, specifically, it attracts cognizance to writers now not frequently labeled as historians that allows you to develop our views on Herodotus' cultural significance. via discussions of up to date discourse on the subject of, for example, the Persian Wars, geography, the wondrous, aesthetics, literary sort, and biography, it nuances our figuring out of the way old readers reacted to and appropriated the Histories to serve their very own designated rhetorical targets. the amount additionally contributes to scholarship that reappraises the very time period 'Hellenistic', drawing cognizance to either diachronic continuities and synchronic diversity.
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Extra resources for Herodotus and Hellenistic Culture: Literary Studies in the Reception of the Histories
1. 1–2. 1); in reaction, a few Greeks (Cretans) kidnapped Europa from Tyre (1. 2. 1); as much as this element, the injustices have been equivalent, and the Greeks have been guilty (ÆNôßïıò) for the second one wave of injustices (this is all expressed in oblique discourse, and is therefore it seems that the alleged Persian view) (1. 2. 1). The Argonautic day trip to Colchis is gifted through Herodotus because the subsequent act of aggression: the Greeks despatched a ‘war-ship’ (ìÆŒæB ﬁ íÅ)34 and, once they had finished ‘the different issues as a result of which that they had come’ (that is to assert, they effectively obtained the Golden Fleece), they kidnapped Medea (1. 2. 2). it is a provocative portrayal of the day trip while seen along conventional Greek models of the Argonautic fantasy, during which Jason is distributed to Colchis via Pelias (apparently within the expectation that the excursion will fail and Jason might be killed), and Medea’s departure from Colchis is gifted as variously being at her personal and/or the gods’ will (compare: Hes. Theog. 992–9, Pind. Pyth. 4). Paris’ abduction of Helen is the following within the sequence of abductions in Herodotus’ starting chapters, that's provided (by the Persians) as a self-interested act encouraged by way of Medea’s abduction: Paris, having heard the tale of Medea, believed that he wouldn't pay any repayment (KðØóôÜìåíïí ðÜíôøò ‹ôØ ïP äþóåØ äßŒÆò). 35 while the Greeks requested for Helen’s go back and repayment they acquired a adverse reaction due to the fact no reimbursement have been made for Medea (1. 3). The (alleged) Persian view is, extra, that the Greeks have been ‘immensely culpable’ (ìåªÜºøò ÆNôßïıò) after this, simply because formerly the injustices have been ‘only abductions’ (±æðÆªaò ìïýíÆò), yet after the kidnapping of Helen the Greeks despatched a military to Asia prior to the Persians despatched a military to Europe (1. four. 1). The Persians’ alleged view is that, even supposing the kidnapping of ladies is unjust, it's ‘foolish’ (IíïÞôøí) to avenge it (1. four. 2). The view that kidnapped ladies needs to be complicit (äBºÆ ªaæ äc ‹ôØ, åN ìc ÆPôÆd Kâïýºïíôï, ïPŒ ií æðÜÇïíôï) is mostly understood nonetheless to be half 34 See Asheri et al. (2007), seventy six. As Rood (2010, fifty seven) and Pelling (2000a, 269, n. 26) indicate, Paris (allegedly) abducts Helen simply because he thinks he'll escape with it unpunished. although, the subject of retaliation nonetheless turns out vital the following: the kidnapping of Helen is gifted (disingenuously) via the Trojans as reparation for the kidnapping of Medea (1. three. 2), and 1. three. 1 maybe means that Paris proposal Medea’s abduction supplied him with a handy pretext (rather than that abductions normally move unpunished). 35 The Persian Wars 171 of the Persian justiﬁcation (1. four. 2). 36 The Persian view keeps: from this time on they thought of the Greeks to be enemies (and Herodotus clariﬁes why Persia has a historic curiosity within the Trojan conflict, explaining: ‘For the Persians declare as their very own Asia and the Barbarian peoples residing in it, and imagine that Europe and the Greek everyone is separate’ (1. four. 4)). 37 To this account of abductions from the legendary prior, Herodotus subsequent provides a element on which he says the Persians and Phoenicians are at variance: concerning Io, the Phoenicians declare that she slept with the ship’s captain in Argos and have become pregnant and, ashamed of this changing into obvious to her mom and dad, she sailed willingly with the Phoenicians (ÆNäåïìÝíÅ ôïfò ôïŒÝÆò, ïoôø äc KŁåºïíôcí ÆPôcí ôïEóØ ÖïßíØîØ óıíåŒðºHóÆØ, ‰ò ií ìc ŒÆôÜäÅºïò ªÝíÅôÆØ) (1.