Aristotle s good judgment first turned recognized within the center East throughout the medium of the Syriac language at a time sooner than the increase of classical Arabic philosophy. the current quantity makes to be had for the 1st time the earliest Syriac translation (sixth century advert) of the types, that's the following edited including an English translation, analytical observation, glossaries and indices. the provision of such an incredible early paintings will allow the beginnings of the Semitic Aristotelian culture to be studied extra comprehensively. this may open the best way to a greater figuring out of either the examine of Aristotelian good judgment in Syriac and likewise of the importance of the Syriac culture for the genesis and upward thrust of Arabic logic."
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Additional info for The Earliest Syriac Translation of Aristotle's Categories: Text, Translation and Commentary (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus)
Ante sixteen om. 19ܘܐ ܘܬ ܬ 28 ] 35ܘ ܬ 5 ante ܬ add. 14ܕ ܐ ܘܗܝ 20ܐܘ ܬ ]ܘܐ ܬ ܘܢ add. )(ditt. 5 89va 10 15 89vb 20 25 30 90ra 13b10–14a9 13b15 13b20 13b25 13b30 13b35 14a1 14a5 159 via any mix, completely none of them should be precise or fake. the whole lot [here] pointed out are acknowledged with no blend. not only [this], yet relatively does it appear that whatever of this kind does occur in terms of contraries which are stated together. For Socrates being good is the opposite of Socrates being in poor health. yet even in instances of this sort it isn't worthwhile continuously for one in every of them to be fake. while Socrates exists, one is right and one is fake, whilst now not, either one of them are fake. For it isn't precise that he's both ill or good, while Socrates doesn't exist in any respect. yet in regards to deprivation, whilst [the topic] doesn't exist, neither of them is correct; but if [it does], [still] now not continuously [is one] real. For Socrates being sighted is opposite to being blind as deprivation to ownership, and while he exists it's not important that one among them may be both real of false—for whilst it isn't but usual that he must have [them], either are fake. but if Socrates doesn't exist in any respect, then therefore are also either fake, either him being sighted and him being blind. in regards to negation and confirmation, no matter if [the topic] exists or now not, considered one of them is right and the opposite is fake. That Socrates is unwell and never in poor health: while he does exist, it truly is transparent that this kind of is correct or fake, and in addition whilst he doesn't exist. For to the one that doesn't exist, ‘to be in poor health’ is fake, and ‘to be now not in poor health’ is right. hence the very fact of 1 of them consistently being actual or fake is restricted for those by myself, [viz. ] for all issues which are opposite as confirmation and negation. a nasty factor is by means of necessity the opposite of a great factor. this is often transparent in each case, for instance of disease and future health, and righteousness and unrighteousness, and braveness and cowardice—likewise additionally in different instances. occasionally a foul factor is opposite to a great factor, occasionally to a[nother] undesirable factor. For whatever is, as an evil, opposite to excess.... In a number of instances, you can see any such factor, yet within the majority of circumstances undesirable is usually the opposite of excellent. back, with reference to objects which are opposite, it's not beneficial, if certainly one of them exists, that the opposite additionally [should exist].